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MLA Citation Style Guide: Home

This style guide will help you cite the most common types of materials required in research projects and papers.

More Help with MLA Formatting & Citations

MLA

Modern Language Association

You can always ask a librarian for help; however, these online resources are also useful:

Plagiarism Resources

These websites may help you better understand and avoid plagiarism.

In-text parenthetical citations

In-text citations tell your professor which source you used at a specific point in the paper and direct the reader to the passage within the that work.  In-Text citations also correspond to the Works Cited list at the end of your paper. 
Here are four examples of in-text citations:

Examples of In-text narrative citations: 

  • Name the author(s) and provide a direct quotation:

Pollan explains that “the apple, like the settlers themselves, had to forsake its former domestic life and return to the wild before it could be reborn as an American” (13).

  • Name the author and paraphrase:

Michael Pollan (2001) compares the apple to the settler, because both required an experience in the wild in order to fully express the American experience.

Examples of in-text parenthetical citations:

  •  Provide a direct quotation without naming the author directly:

“In effect, the apple like the settlers themselves, had to forsake its former domestic life and return to the wild before it could be reborn as an American” (Pollan, 13).

  • Paraphrase without naming the author directly:

One writer compares the apple to the settler, because both require an experience in the wild in order to fully express the American experience (Pollan, 13).  

If you require assistance formatting in-text citations and writing in a style that naturally flows, consider ...

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