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AMA 11th Edition Citation Style Guide: Reference examples

This guide is based on the American Medical Association's Manual of Style, 11th edition.

AMA formatting examples

In AMA style, references at the end of the manuscript are listed in numerical order based on the order in which they are mentioned in the text. Please see Citing Medicine- a style publication of the National Library of Medicine for expanded examples as a resource recommended by the AMA.

Journal Articles

note: all authors should be cited, unless there are 6 or more authors. If 6 or more authors are listed, the first three should be listed in order of published attribution followed by et al. 

1. Chamberlain Mitchell SAF, Garrod R, Clark L, et al. Physiotherapy, and speech and language therapy intervention for patients with refractory chronic cough: a multicentre randomised control trial. Thorax. 2017;72(2):129-136. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-208843

2. Magee T, Peters C, Jacobsen SM, et al. Inequities in the treatment of opioid use disorder: a scoping review. J Subst Use Addict Treat. 2023;152:209082. doi:10.1016/j.josat.2023.209082


3. Law  M, Baptiste  S, Carswell  A, McColl  MA, Polatajko  H, Pollock  N.  Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). 5th ed. CAOT Publications ACE; 2014.

4. Homer, Bryant  WC.  The Iliad of Homer Translated Into English Blank Verse. Houghton Mifflin; 1916.


5. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Addressing the Long-Term Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children and Families. The National Academies Press; 2023. Accessed September 12, 2023.

Book Chapter

note: cite both the author of the book and the author of the chapter- even if they are the same author.

6. Boushey CJ. Application of research paradigms to nutrition practice. In: Coulston AM, Boushey CJ, Ferruzzi MG, eds. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease. 3rd ed. Academic Press; 2013:99- 105.


note: The AMA Manual of Style refers writers to chapter 25 of Citing Medicine for webpage and electronic reference citation formats.

7. Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. What you need to know to apply. Updated February 2023. Accessed May 16, 2018.

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