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APA 7th Edition Citation Style Guide: Citing Online Media and AI Tools

APA update for the 7th edition

Webpages and Websites

Webpage on a news website

‚ÄčZdanowicz, Christina. (2019, December 12). The world's first 3D-printed neighborhood is being built in Mexico for families living on $3 a day. CNN. 

Webpage on a website with a group author

World Health Organization. (2023, October 5). Universal health coverage (UHC).

Webpage on a website with a retrieval date

U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). U.S. and world population clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved January 22, 2020, from

Social Media


‚ÄčAmerican Psychological Association [@APA]. (2019, January 3). Millennials are often stereotyped as sheltered, overly sensitive "snowflakes". New research published in @APA_Journals'  Psychology and Aging suggests that these labels may have been attached to the wrong generation. [Thumb-nail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter.

Instagram photo or video

Marymount University Libraries [@MULibraries}. (n.d.). Blind date with a book [Instagram flier]. Instagram. Retrieved February 23, 2020, from

Citing Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) / ChatGPT / Chatbots

The use of ChatGPT and similar tools may be different for each class. Be sure to ask your course instructor about guidelines for using information generated by ChatGPT and other AI tools in your papers. When permissible to use that information directly in your research, use the suggestions below for citation formats. Also please be knowledgeable of Marymount Resources for Avoiding Plagiarism found on this webpage.

The use of ChatGPT and other AI tools in research papers is an evolving field. New formats will be added to this guide as they become available. Please consult with your teaching faculty or contact your Liaison Librarian for updates or clarification on how to cite these sources.

This discussion provides interim guidance on quoting AI-generated text in your paper. It includes a reminder to always defer to your instructor for specific guidance regarding the use of ChatGPT and other tools. Please review this blog carefully so that you are aware of limitations and options for using and citing sources. One basic example for a ChatGPT citation, quoted from the APA guide, is:

In-text citation

When prompted with “Is the left brain right brain divide real or a metaphor?” the ChatGPT-generated text indicated that although the two brain hemispheres are somewhat specialized, “the notation that people can be characterized as ‘left-brained’ or ‘right-brained’ is considered to be an oversimplification and a popular myth” (OpenAI, 2023).


OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (Mar 14 version) [Large language model].

Additional AI Resources

Referencing images generated by AI: University of Victoria

The University of Victoria library provides this page for guidance on citing images created by using several of the most popular programs.

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